Anyone who watches the news has seen the abundant health care debates – making medical coverage affordable, making it compelling, and making it possible for everyone to be covered. Understanding medical coverage and how health insurance can be of use to you will prompt you to analyze your current health plan or seek information for obtaining medical insurance.
Individuals who admit routine health care know how considerable health insurance is. Routine visits to your family doctor will be of use to identify any underlying medical dilemmas and allow you to seek proper treatment for any medical conditions that arise.
Those who have medical coverage are able to take prescriptions at a discounted rate, often paying only a co-pay which is a critical reduction from the retail cost. Overall, individuals with medical benefits are healthier than those missing coverage because they are able to seek medical attention at the first sign of a problem. Routine health management is considerable for everyone.
If you flip the coin to individuals deprived of health care benefits you see abundant people who live with everyday aches and pains; those who self-medicate and misdiagnose generally serious medical conditions resulting in hefty out of pocket expenses because they hold off going to the doctor. Individuals deprived of coverage are hesitant to seek medical care as they cannot afford a trip to the doctor or emergency room.
The health insurance crisis has acerbated quite a bit of controversy. Many companies have contracted the amount that they contribute to health care benefits making primary care costs a major expense for families and even single individuals. Some say health is a fundamental while others have considered it as a luxury.
Knowing how health insurance can be of use to you in a time of need is certainly worth considering getting coverage, especially if you have children. If you don’t currently have medical coverage acquire some time to examine your options. It is far greater to have coverage and not demand it than to need it and not have it.
The truly viable hostile to maturing nourishment or eating regimens are new natural products, vegetables particularly red vegetables, Red vegetables contain an assortment of helpful vitamins and supplements. Lycopene and anthocyanidins, two intense cancer prevention agents, are available in numerous red vegetables. Red vegetables, for example, tomatoes, peppers and beets, entire grain and nourishment containing high measure of fiber. Sleek fish is exceedingly prescribed hostile to maturing specialists with taking after advantages.
How many of us crave for that early morning cup of tea or coffee as soon as possible after the eyelids open? Whats the attraction?…Its probably that the early morning mouth is so dry it desperately needs a liquid. The first thought is to put the kettle on and have a quick brew, and that caffeine appears to help the mind get into gear and it gives you a kick start for the day.
Now, Im not suggesting that you give up your cuppa, but maybe just delay it a little. Why?- Because if theres an alternative that potentially gives you heaps more health benefits and you will still have that feeling of mind and body burst that caffeine can seem to give you Then why not give it a try?…
I have actually applied the following to my own lifestyle and its my find of 2014! Certainly pushes back my first tea by a couple of hours. So Im continuing into 2015 with this light start to the day.
1. OK, so first thing, grab that glass, go up to the watercooler (more and more homes now have one), and pour a glass of room temperature water and down it in one. It may seem odd at first when you are used to that caffeine hit but it shouldnt give you the Yuk feeling that, say me asking you to drink a double whisky, or diet coke would, and of course a glass of plain water is the perfect solution for the dry mouth syndrome!
Once youve had that first watercooler drink, the mouth wont be dry and you may not be quite as desperate for that cuppa.
2. So, to try delaying that caffeine kick even longer and push those health boundaries a little further. Refill the glass from the watercooler, grab a lemon from the fruit bowl, cut it in half and squeeze half of the lemon juice (if you weigh over 150lbs, squeeze the whole lemon) into the water and plonk the remaining lemon in too. Put it in the microwave and just heat it gently on the Max setting for 45 seconds (make sure you dont overheat as it will ruin the vitamin C). (A slice of fresh root ginger with a squeeze of lime is great too).
3. Drink this slowly and let that lemon cleanse the innards!
4. After you have finished, rinse the mouth with a little water to dilute the citric acid, as this is the only area that you want the lemon lingering, as its not great for teeth.
For this reason, make this a once-a-day drink… certainly not something to sip throughout the day.
There are loads of benefits of Lemon Water;-
1. It contains good things, including Vitamin C, B-Complex Vitamins, Iron, Magnesium and Potassium which all adds to the trace minerals that are already present in the water if youre using a Natural Mineral Water or Spring Water. I find it aids digestion and makes one feel cleansed!
2. It can help freshen the breath.
3. The antioxidants in a lemon as part of a healthy diet can contribute to decreasing blemishes and maintain your skins radiance.
4. Lemons contain Vitamin C which can help ward off colds.
And lastly, it gives a fantastic energy boost, for me at least! You may just find that by following the above health tip, you will be surprised how great you will feel, and how the urge for a cup of tea or coffee subsides. By the time a couple of hours go by you will be then ready for your first cuppa of the day, and it will taste even better knowing youve had a lemon detox beforehand!
It?s hard to fathom anyone who would be willing to risk injury, his or her health or even life just for a job. Management and employers have a big influence on managing risks and it doesn?t mean just because a job is dangerous, it?s no longer needed to address the workplace health risks involve. We?re talking about human beings here and being safer only leads to good things such as increased savings later on and better workplace moral.
One of the most basic and fundamental of any workplace health practice is having it free from common workplace hazard. Workplace hazards vary from one working environment to another. Mechanical, chemical and even biological hazards are present in most workplaces.
Working environments like inside a manufacturing plant can be damp, wet and slips can be a common thing. The severity of the injury depends on mostly how the accident happens. Mechanical hazards are fairly easy to spot so company should not have a hard time preventing these from tarnishing workplace health record.
There should always be signs on places where it is slippery or dangerous. Another example is restricting dangerous areas to only the people that are meant to be there. Each and every single one of these workplace health measures to reduce risk and eventually eliminate it altogether.
Everywhere around us we see chemicals and mixtures of chemicals. Some chemicals can be inert and non-reactive while other chemicals are extremely volatile. Thus, the risks of chemical hazards on workplace health are different for each one.
Each and every single chemical in any workplace, whether the office, manufacturing plant or any other place should be identified and catalogue as well as made available the material safety data sheet for each one, as this is the single most important step in reducing workplace health risks. MSDS are a great resource to keep in reach and near the chemicals. Moreover, companies should educate their employees first and foremost on the proper handling and storage procedure of each chemical.
Moving on, we have the most complicated types of hazards in the form of viruses, bacteria, molds and fungus, pathogens, diseases like tuberculosis and so forth. No matter where you work, biological workplace health hazards are present everywhere. One more reason why biological hazards are hard to manage is their ability to travel from place to place.
Education is the first step to prevention, therefore educating employees in the proper sanitary conditions in the workplace is one of the easiest ways in preventing diseases to affect people. Some examples of basic practices are covering one?s mouth when sneezing, cleaning up after one?s self, all these impact workplace health. Companies should sponsor or at the least require employees to get regular or yearly checkups to mitigate diseases from infecting and taking a toll on the workforce.
Making the staff more aware of the risks involved in the workplace is more helpful for the company instead of constantly trying to eradicate the risks. The workplace is safer once staff and employees know and can identify the risks at the workplace. Lastly, prevention is the best medicine and all workplace health issues lie ultimately on the individual.
What makes you interested to a person in the very first sight? Is that the looks? The hair? Or directly the personality that you count on the most? Well for most of the people, it is neither the looks nor the way on talks but the way he or she smiles. Smile has been one of the most important parts of the first impression from one person to another, we can say it gives first judgment whether the person is friendly or not. Knowing that smile is one of the most important features in ones personality and appearance, surely we will not take the least treatment for our dental health.
Anywhere you live, there must be one or two best dentists that you can trust for your mouth and dental health, but if you are living around Orange Park Florida you don’t need to look far for the great dentist and prosthodontist. that we will be talking about is dr. Matthew Nawrocki. Not only having the professional work as dentist, dr. Nawrocki is also dealing with the aesthetic caring for your teeth. As a prosthodontist, he cares about the aesthetic replacement and restoration of teeth.
dr. Nawrocki and his staffs understand how important a smile for many people, so if you have problem with your teeth, maybe chipped teeth, or broken teeth, you will be offered a full caring with series of treatment you can choose, for example the porcelain veneers or crowns. Other treatments that may be also works for you and your family member’s teeth problem are dental implant, dentures and bridges. All kind of treatment will be suited according to your need. Feel free to come to their clinic in Orange Park, Florida, or you can reserve place via online for scheduling an appointment.
The lifestyle of the working professionals in today’s era is different than what it used to be earlier and is more hectic. They work for extended hours. These extended working hours and sitting longer at their work stations are taking a physical toll on their body. The common problems encountered by the work force due to this kind of lifestyle are back aches, computer vision syndrome CVS, wrist pains, neck and shoulder pains or many other long term ill effects. The lack of time in everyone’s life is leading to reliance on fast food which is conveniently available instead of home-cooked food, similarly vegging out on the couch despite of going out for a walk. However, contrary to what most people think, eating well and staying physically active can be incorporated into the daily routine of working section of the country.
Now that you have realized the importance of staying fit and keeping your body in perfect shape, it is important for you to know the right way of doing it. Below are some health and fitness tips that will help working people discover ways to maintain a better and healthy lifestyle, and that will keep them away from common physical ailments;
As exercising offers so many benefits, make it a part of your routine even if you are at work. If your office is located nearby your home, you can take a walk to reach to your office. If you are inside the office, use stairs instead of using lift.
During work, take several 5-10 minutes of break at regular interval for just a walk or for quick run up and down the stairs. This helps keep the body fit, and mind rejuvenated.
Sitting at stretch in front of computers can be hard on the body. So standing up and stretching your body after every short interval will remove the occurrence of common problems like back ache and shoulder pain.
You can carry workout clothes with you while going to office so that after you leave office you can straight away go to the gym without the need of going home to carry your stuff. This will save your time and this saved time can be utilized in the exercise.
You should keep an option with you to be healthy and fit. Keep healthy snacks with you so that when you feel like eating anything you have an energy booster in front of you. Also sipping water throughout the day is a good way to keep yourself refreshed.
Just do not forget the need of stretching your body for two minutes after every hour of work. You can also set an alarm to go off every hour to remind yourself to stand up and move around.
As you know exercising helps in keeping you fit, you should not avoid it in any case even if you work for extended working hours or if you don’t get time. It’s time to work for staying fit, not for making excuses.
Yoga through meditation works remarkably to attain harmony and helps the mind work in synchronization with the body. How often do we find that we can’t perform our activities properly and in a satisfying manner because the confusions and conflicts in our mind weigh down heavily upon us? Stress is the number one suspect affecting all elements of our physical, endocrinal and emotional system. And with the aid of yoga this things can be corrected. At the physical level, yoga and its cleansing practices are actually extremely effective for various disorders.
Listed below are just a few of the benefits of yoga that you can get: ki998akle
Benefits of Yoga 1: Yoga is known to increase overall flexibility; yoga has postures that trigger the different joints in the body. Including those joints that are not put to work with regular exercises routines.
Benefits of Yoga 2: Yoga also increases the lubrication of joints, ligament plus tendons. The well-researched yoga positions exercise the different tendons and ligaments on the body.
It has also been found that the body which may have started doing yoga being a rigid one may experience a quite remarkable flexibility ultimately on those parts of the body which have not been consciously worked upon.
Benefits of Yoga 3: yoga also massages all organs of the body. Yoga is perhaps the only exercise that can work towards through your internal organs in a thorough style, including those that hardly get externally stimulated during our entire lifetime.
Benefits of Yoga 4: Yoga acts from a wholesome manner on the various body parts. This stimulation and massage on the organs in turn benefits us by keeping away disease and providing a forewarning on the first possible instance of a likely onset with disease or disorder.
One of the far-reaching important things about yoga is the uncanny sense of awareness it develops in the practitioner of an impending health and fitness disorder or infection.
This in turn enables anybody to take pre-emptive corrective action.
Benefits of Yoga 5: yoga offers a complete detoxification of our bodies. It gently stretches the muscles and joints as we; as massaging the various organs, yoga ensures the optimum blood supply to various aspects of the body.
This helps in the flushing out of poisons from every nook and cranny of your body along with providing nourishment up to the last point. This results in benefits such as delayed ageing, energy and a remarkable zest for life.
Benefits of Yoga6: yoga is also an excellent way to tone your muscles. Muscles which have happen to be flaccid and weak are stimulated repeatedly to shed excess fats and flaccidity.
But these enormous physical benefits are a little side effect” of this powerful practice. What yoga does is harmonize the mind with the body and these results in real quantum gains.
It is now an open secret that the will of the mind has enabled people to achieve extraordinary actual physical feats, which proves beyond doubt the mind and body connection.
In fact yoga = meditation, because both come together in achieving the common goal of unity associated with mind, body and spirit which can lead to an experience of eternal bliss you could only feel through yoga.
The meditative practices through yoga assist in achieving an emotional balance through detachment.
This consequently creates a remarkable calmness and a positive view, which also has tremendous benefits on the physical health on the body.
Knowing your body shape is important so that you will know what your assets and imperfections are. Once you have come into terms with your best features and your body problems, you can start to find ways to enhance the good in you and hide your flaws.
You can also take advantage of your body shape when it comes to finding the best workout routine and exercise program. For instance, if your boyfriend seems to be losing weight while you are still stuck to the same measurements even if you have been exercising and working out together at the same intensity, then there must be something amiss. To maximize the effects of your workout, you better try looking for moves that complement your body type.
You will know that you have a pear-shaped body if your vital statistics is somewhere near 32-30-40. Women in this category usually have big hips and bottoms and a slim upper body. The parts where they usually gain inches are below the waist, such as thighs and hips. Furthermore, there is a tendency for pear-shaped women to look heavier than their actual weight. Celebrities under this body type include Jennifer Lopez and Kate Winslet.
The best exercise program for you is light to medium-resistance aerobics coupled with a lot of lower-body exercises. In order to trim down your lower half, you have to concentrate on activities that work out your thighs and pelvic muscles. You can try cycling, leg lifts, and fast walking. However, it would be best to avoid jumping ropes with weights, high-impact exercises, leg presses, squats, lunges and leg extensions because these might make your lower body look bigger and more muscular.
Looking at the apple, you will know that individuals considered as having apple-shaped bodies are top heavy. If you have thick waist, full breasts, and wide torso and upper back, then you definitely have an apple-shaped body. The concentration of body fat in women who are apple-shaped is in the stomach and the upper back. Believe it or not, Katherine McPhee and Catherine Zeta Jones belong to this category.
The proper exercise program for such body type includes aerobic training, low-resistance as well as low repetition strength training. Stair climbing, leg presses, running, dead lifts and leg squats are appropriate. Yoga and Pilates moves are also effective, particularly those that concentrate on the core areas. However, you should avoid heavy weight lifting, full leg lifts, and other leg-resistance trainings. The good news is that apple-shaped bodies lose weight easily, as the fat in the stomach is easier to burn or break down than those found in the thighs and hips.
Halle Berry, Salma Hayek and even Barbie are just some of the women who are considered to have hourglass-shaped bodies. If you fall into this type, your measurements are close to 34-24-34, which is considered as one of the most perfect body shapes. Unfortunately, women under this category usually gain weight all over the body, particularly in the breasts and hips areas.
Cardio exercises and strength training is very important for those who have an hourglass body. Perfect activities for such women include stationary biking, bicep curls, slow jogging, swimming, jumping rope, fast walking, push-ups and squats. However, you need to make sure that you avoid leg presses, kickboxing, spinning, step classes and other high-impact exercises.
Despite your body type, you can accelerate your weight loss if you combine exercise and strength training with dieting. Actually, the fastest way to shed pounds is by dieting or eating healthier. To help curb your appetite and boost your metabolism, you can also try using natural weight supplements, such as Phenocal.
Recently, there is some news about YOR Health Australia saying that the company is a scam. However, especially in the internet, it is difficult to separate fact from fiction in the digital age. Searching for the real truth about something in the internet is like finding a needle in the haystack. Indeed it is easy to look for something online and accept them as truth. Nonetheless, one should be careful in believing something as truth because in the internet, it is quite difficult to decipher which kind of information are coming from credible and trustworthy sources.
The issue about YOR Health Australia is absolutely not a pyramid scheme. While pyramid schemes are illegal, YOR company is a direct seller, multi-level marketer or a network marketer. These terms are usually misused and often related to scams and fraudulent business. The company actually operates using the four basic methods in marketing products which include retailing, multi-level marketing, referral to friends and families and direct sales. These methods of moving products are actually legit since it only essentially requires chains of recruitments and consumptions to purport income.
YOR Health Difference is a patent protected nutrition delivery system (NDS) that is employed by this company in order to make sure that the products they sell are all effective and of great quality. A patent is actually an intellectual property right that is granted by a government to an inventor who has done something remarkable and very unique. Thereby, patents, as a matter of fact, encourage ingenuity and creativity. The NDS is product of YOR’s years of research and development in order to deliver the finest products to the customers.
If one visits the company’s website at supergreencentre, one will find plenty of testimonials about the efficacy of the products produced by YOR. Many men and women have experienced huge improvements not only their body’s appearance but also in their well-being as well. Some say they have regained confidence for finally having understood the value of good health and healthy food and lifestyle.
It has to be noted though that results from using YOR’s health drinks and supplements vary from one individual to the other. Factors that may affect the results may include one’s metabolism, lifestyle, eating routines and current medications. However, as with any other diet and fitness plans, these supplements and drinks should be accompanied with proper lifestyle and regular exercise.
COMPONENTS OF HSE MANAGEMENT Health, Safety and Environmental management should be part of the engineering profession in a country for the purpose of oduty of care oeconomic reasons and olegal reasons.
HSE management should therefore consider five broad phases: *Specifications *Design and implementation *Installation and commissioning *Operation and maintenance *Changes after commissioning. *Compliance with the standards requires four essential elements: *Identification of safety functions required for the safe shutdown *Assignment of a safety integrity level (SIL) for each safety function *Use of the safety lifecycle for the engineering design and *Verification of the SIL achieved for each safety function.
3.0ENGINEERING CODE OF PRACTICE The engineering code of practice takes into consideration the following: *Public safety: Giving priority to the safety and well-being of the community and having regard to this principle in assessing obligations to the clients, employers and colleagues. *Risk Management: Taking reasonable steps to minimize the risk of loss of lives, injuries or suffering. *Workplace and construction site: Minimizing potential dangers involved in the construction and manufacture of engineering products and processes. *Public/Community well-being *Communication *Conflicts of interest *Confidentiality
The privilege of practicing engineering is entrusted to those qualified and who have the responsibility for applying engineering skills, scientific knowledge and ingenuity for the advancement of human welfare and quality of life. Fundamental principles of conduct of engineers include truth, honesty and trustworthiness in their service to the society, honourable and ethical practice showing fairness, courtesy and good faith towards clients, colleagues and others. Engineers take societal, cultural, economic, environmental and safety aspects into consideration and strive for the efficient use of the world’s resources to meet long term human needs.
4.0SAFE ENGINEERING DESIGNS Safety is a concern in virtually all engineering design processes. Engineers should understand safety in the context of engineering design and what it means to say that a design is safe against human injuries.
Current design methods prioritize economic considerations over environmental ones. In some cases, economic considerations also serve environmental goals. For instance, the minimization of materials used in a structure means resources are saved. If they are saved at the expense of the length of the operating life of a product, then, economic considerations conflict with environmental interests which demand that products be made as durable as possible because of the need to minimize resource usage and waste generation in the long term.
Safety is the antonym of risk. So, a design is safe to the extent that it reduces risk. Safe design aims at minimizing risk in the standard sense of this term.
A safe design is the combination of all those procedures and principles that are used by engineers to make designed objects safe against accidents leading to human death or injuries, long term health effects, damage to the environment or malfunctioning in general.
Several design strategies used to achieve safety in operations of potentially dangerous technology are: *inherently safe design *safety factors *negative feedback (self-shutdown) and *multiple independent safety barriers.
Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) is the most common method of assessing safety but safe designs are used to reduce risks in the standard (probabilistic) sense but is inadequate. Safe design strategies are used to reduce estimated probabilities of injuries or reducing uncertainties not only risks. They are used to cope with hazards and eventualities that cannot be assigned meaningful probabilities.
5.0DESIGN PRINCIPLES IN ENGINEERING There are four (4) main design principles in Engineering practice.
(a)Inherently safe design: This minimizes the inherent dangers in the process as far as possible. Potential hazards are excluded rather than enclosed or coped with. For instance, dangerous substances are replaced by less dangerous ones and fire proof materials are used rather than inflammable ones.
(b)Safety Factors Construction should be strong enough to resist load and disturbances exceeding those that are intended. A common way to obtain such safety reserves is to employ explicitly chosen numerical safety factors are employed. If a safety factor of two (2) is employed when building a bridge, then the bridge is calculated to resist twice the maximal load to which it will be exposed to in practice.
(c) Negative feedback mechanisms This is introduced to achieve a self-shutdown in case of device failure or when the operator looses control. Examples are safety valves that let out steam when the pressure is too high in a steam boiler and the dead man’s hole that stops the train when the driver falls asleep. One of the most important safety measures in the nuclear industry is to ensure that reactors close down automatically in critical situations.
(d)Multiple Independent Safety Barriers Safety barriers are arranged in chains, so that each barrier is independent of its predecessors (if the first fails, the second is still intact). The first barriers prevent accidents; the second barriers limit the consequences of an accident and rescue services as the last resort.
Safety factors and multiple safety barriers deal with uncertainties as well as risks. But currently, Probabilistic Risk Analysis (PRA) is used but does not deal with uncertainties. Probabilistic calculations can support but will not supplant the Engineers’ ethically responsible judgment (environment, health and safety culture).
Safety engineering principles also include education of operators, maintenance of equipment and installations and incidence reporting are examples of safety practices of general importance.
6.0HEALTH, SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT IN ENGINEERING PRACTICE The Engineering profession is expected to be the harbinger of Health, Safety & Environmental management by virtue of the complexity of the output of the profession and their impacts on the lives of the general populace. How have we carried this along in our professional practices?
Seven (7) bad engineering practices have been identified: *Believing that if something is not specifically stated, either “shall do” or “shall not do” in the standards, an engineer does not need to worry about it. *Thinking that meeting the minimum requirements means the process is safe and complies with the standard. *Ignoring the importance of good engineering practice. *Designing systems that meet economic requirements but not safety protection requirements. *Neglecting human factors (errors in calculations etc) *Focusing on capital cost and not on lifecycle costs. *Focusing only on the safety integrity level (SIL) and not on prevention.
Safety is an essential ethical requirement in engineering practice. Strategies for safe design are used not only to reduce estimated probabilities of injuries but also to cope with hazards and eventualities that cannot be assigned meaningful probabilities. Designers have an ethical responsibility to make constructions that are safe for future use. Safety is concerned with avoiding certain classes of events that are morally right to avoid.
In engineering design, safety consideration always includes safety against unintended human death or injuries that occur as a result of the unintended use of the designed object for: *Prevention of damage to the environment *Prevention of long term health effects
For example, if a bridge collapses, the engineers who designed it are held responsible.
Building designers and builders must obey construction safety in the use of Scaffolds, tool nets, tool boxes, mechanical lifts and manual lifts under safe procedures, use of personal protective equipments (PPEs) on sites (boots/helmets), clear passages and road-ways, construction tapes to cordon off work areas etc. Most engineers have neglected this aspect, thus, playing with the lives of the generality of the populace.
What engineers do have lasting influences on safety and define our level of Environment, Health and Safety culture.
7.0ETHICAL OBLIGATIONS IN ENGINEERING PRACTICE Ethical obligations are necessary in order for engineers to carry out their profession. Without the obligation of confidentiality, clients could not trust engineers with commercially sensitive information. Without these information, engineers could not do their jobs. The moral obligations of our profession can be understood as duties which are necessary.
There are five (5) fundamental values necessary for the ethical obligations: *Protection of lives and safeguarding of people. *Professionalism, integrity and competence *Commitment to community/public well-being *Sustainable management and care for the environment *Sustaining engineering knowledge
8.0 ENGINEERING PRACTICE REQUIREMENTS *Engineers shall hold paramount the Health, Safety and Environment/welfare of the public in the practice of their profession. *Engineers shall practice only in their areas or field of competence, in a careful and diligent manner and in conformance with standards, laws, codes, rules and regulations applicable to engineering practice. *Engineers shall examine the societal and environmental impact of their actions and projects, including the use and conservation of resources and energy in order to make informed recommendations and decisions.. *Engineers should declare their interests clearly. *Engineers shall sign and take responsibility for all engineering works which they prepared or directly supervised. Engineers may sign works prepared by others only with their consent and after sufficient review and verification. *Engineers shall act as faithful agents for their employers or clients and maintain confidentiality, avoid conflicts of interest whenever possible and disclose unavoidable conflicts. *Engineers professional concerns must be made known to the client and the consequences of engineering decisions or judgments. *Engineers should reject any public works, engineering decisions or practice that endanger the HSE of the public. *Engineers shall commit to life-long learning, strive to advance the body of engineering knowledge and should encourage other engineers to do likewise. * Engineers shall promote responsibility, commitment and ethics both in the education and practice phases of engineering. They should enhance society’s awareness of engineer’s responsibilities to the public and encourage the communication of these principles of ethical conduct among engineers.
9.0HSE SUSTAINABILITY MANAGEMENT This is about the long term survival of humanity. It recognizes that decisions made today must enable both those in the present as well as people of the foreseeable future to make effective choices about their quality of life.
Failure to identify risks to safety and the inability to address or control these risks can result in massive costs, both human and economic. The multidisciplinary nature of safety engineering means that a very broad array of professionals are actively involved in accident prevention or safety engineering.
A critical fault endangers or few people. A catastrophic fault endangers, harms or kills a significant number of people. Engineer’s errors or inability to incorporate the HSE management in his practice spells catastrophic.
10.0THE WAY FORWARD Everyone must strengthen his or her understanding of HSE awareness by making safety a priority. Also, cost effective solutions in order to gain the biggest return on investment should be developed.
Engineers take early design of a system, analyze it to find what faults can occur and then propose safety requirements in design specifications upfront and changes to existing systems to make the system safer.
If significant safety problems are discovered late in the design process, correcting them can e very expensive. This type of error has the potential to waste large sums of money.
*At all times, take all reasonable care to ensure that your work and the consequences of your work cause no unacceptable risk to safety. *Take all reasonable steps to make your management/client and those to whom they have a duty of care aware of the risks you identify. *Make anyone overruling or neglecting your professional advice formally aware of the consequent risks. *It is critical for engineers to maintain a deep and broad understanding of the many technical and professional practice issues that they will inevitably encounter in their role as employees of public owners. This is achieved through appropriate education, training, experience, license, professional engineering practice and continuing professional development.
11.0CONCLUSION The engineering practice like the construction industry is the agent of social and economic development, the barometer of economic activities and a very large employer of labour in UK. It accounts for over 60% of the total capital investment. It is the largest employer of labour (think of all the electrical, mechanical, civil, chemical and computer jobs in industries).
Health, Safety and environment, which is concerned with life and property must be taken serious in this profession. Safety procedures are necessary to prevent accidents, diseases and harmful effects on the health of the public at large arising from the activities in the industry on site and its environs or off site.
Good HSE management is visible in a country through the quality of the professional ethics of the professionals, engineers inclusive and the level of her health values and the state of her environment, that is, her level of cleanliness (personal hygiene and public sanitation).
It can only be developed through personal commitment, willingness and self-sacrifice because of the long and short run benefits therein. HSE management habit starts with safety consciousness. Safety consciousness dwells with each and every one of us and should be taken along to our professional practices.
People should recognize that their health and well-being are related to the quality of their environment and should apply thoughtful principles to attempt to improve the quality of their environment.
As Engineers, we should lead others in being safety conscious at all times and refraining from doing anything that may result to accident. We should apply safety measures to all our daily activities and take our safety and that of others around us as our responsibilities especially in our practices.
Finally, as Engineers we should pursue sustainable Health, Safety & environmental management and make it part and parcel of our engineering practice today for the continued relevance of our profession tomorrow. It is only when this is done that our professional ethics will be meaningful knowing fully well that the products of our professional practices have great impact on the lives of the entire citizens of this country.
Responsible businesses always act to ensure that their premises are as safe for work as possible. To fully brief their employees on what is expected of them, many choose to send staff on health and safety training days to teach them how to be safe and responsible within the workplace. Failure to notify employees of the potential dangers within a company can result in various accidents occurring, some of which can be of serious detriment to either employee or company.
All companies should have members of staff that are fully trained to deal with emergencies and any workplace issues involving health or safety. Responsible members of your team should be first aid trained in order to deal with illness or injury, however, health and safety training for your staff should minimise the likelihood of these problems occurring.
These training courses teach employees how to be proactive in order to maintain a safe working environment and also how to be reactive when something does go wrong. Proactive steps include risk assessment and hazard spotting, safety inspections and carrying out tests and various procedures. Some workplaces are clearly at higher risk than others, although there is no such thing as a risk-free workplace and no company should ever get complacent about its safety record. Accidents can happen in the most innocuous circumstances and can nearly always be avoided. When they do occur it is important that they are recorded and steps are taken to learn from them and implement changes to the workplace as necessary.
Office environments can be just as dangerous as building sites and warehouses if the correct steps aren’t taken to secure the premises for health and safety. On a building site, workers are always completely focused on carefully going about their work in a safe manner as the working environment and equipment they use are conducive to serious injuries. In an office environment, employee safety is not always at the forefront of people’s minds. However, failure to carry out proper health and safety training can result in carelessness amongst employees. A simple mistake such as leaving a stray wire dangling across a gangway can result in a nasty trip for a member of staff and a painful fall.
Currently, there is a significant rise in the number of people who attempt to sue their employers if they are injured in the workplace, regardless of how trivial the injury suffered might be. It is important to protect your business against this possibility by ensuring that you are as compliant with health and safety law as possible.