About Dental Implants

trezv1Your oral health has an impact on your overall health, so it is important to keep your teeth and gums healthy and working well. If you spend the recommended time on your dental health each day and visit your dentist regularly, you are less likely to have major dental problems down the road. However, age and genetics do play a role in your oral health, and even with proper care and attention, you might find yourself in need of dental implants in Simpsonville, SC. This article will outline tips for keeping your teeth healthy, and it will give you important information about dental implants.

Oral Health
Proper dental care should start as soon as those first baby teeth come in. Parents should be sure to brush and care for their children’s teeth, even baby teeth. As an adult, you need to think about how to properly brush and clean your teeth, as well as what you are consuming each day. You might also need to talk to your dentist about problems, like teeth grinding, that may negatively impact your oral health. Dentists recommend that you brush your teeth at least twice a day and after meals if possible. You should use fluoridated toothpaste in order to help strengthen your tooth enamel. Spend about 2 minutes brushing your teeth each time. This will give the fluoride time to take effect. Flossing should be

Thyroid Gland

How might you know it if your thyroid organ hindered creation of thyroid hormone? Then again the a different way, accelerated? What’s more, what are the outcomes, assuming any? For a layman and even specialists, the manifestations are difficult to recognize.

Do you know what to do if things go astray?

A dysfunctioning thyroid organ causes an assortment of bewildering side effects and numerous individuals and specialists botch them for indications of another infection or typical maturing. It is appraisadonow2ls that more than 12 million Americans have some sort of thyroid infection, huge numbers of whom don’t understand that that is the situation.

Figure out how to comprehend hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism and how to know whether your thyroid organ is not working as it ought to. So what treatment required catching up if your levels are too high or too low? All through a man’ life, this bustling little organ situated at the base of your neck, just beneath your Adam’s apple and is partitioned into two flaps associated by tissue of a tight scaffold. This

How Health And Medical Insurance Plan Can Help You

Health Insurance 2Anyone who watches the news has seen the abundant health care debates – making medical coverage affordable, making it compelling, and making it possible for everyone to be covered. Understanding medical coverage and how health insurance can be of use to you will prompt you to analyze your current health plan or seek information for obtaining medical insurance.

Individuals who admit routine health care know how considerable health insurance is. Routine visits to your family doctor will be of use to identify any underlying medical dilemmas and allow you to seek proper treatment for any medical conditions that arise.

Those who have medical coverage are able to take prescriptions at a discounted rate, often paying only a co-pay which is a critical reduction from the retail cost. Overall, individuals with medical benefits are healthier than those missing coverage because they are able to seek medical attention at the first sign of a problem. Routine health management is considerable for everyone.

If you flip the coin to individuals deprived of health care benefits you see abundant people who live with everyday aches and pains; those who self-medicate and misdiagnose generally serious medical conditions resulting in hefty out of pocket expenses because they hold off going to the doctor. Individuals deprived of coverage are hesitant to seek medical care as they cannot afford a trip to the doctor or emergency room.

The health insurance crisis has acerbated quite a bit of controversy. Many companies have contracted the amount that they contribute to health care benefits making primary care costs a major expense for families and even single individuals. Some say health is a fundamental while others have considered it as a luxury.

Knowing how health insurance can be of use to you in a time of need is certainly worth considering getting coverage, especially if you have children. If you don’t currently have medical coverage acquire some time to examine your options. It is far greater to have coverage and not demand it than to need it and not have it.

Most Effective Anti-Ageing Foods And Diets

Anti Aging FoodThe truly viable hostile to maturing nourishment or eating regimens are new natural products, vegetables particularly red vegetables, Red vegetables contain an assortment of helpful vitamins and supplements. Lycopene and anthocyanidins, two intense cancer prevention agents, are available in numerous red vegetables. Red vegetables, for example, tomatoes, peppers and beets, entire grain and nourishment containing high measure of fiber. Sleek fish is exceedingly prescribed hostile to maturing specialists with taking after advantages.

Lemon Water And 4 Steps For A Healthy Alternative To The first Thing Cuppa

How many of us crave for that early morning cup of tea or coffee as soon as possible after the eyelids open? Whats the attraction?…Its probably that the early morning mouth is so dry it desperately needs a liquid. The first thought is to put the kettle on and have a quick brew, and that caffeine appears to help the mind get into gear and it gives you a kick start for the day.

Now, Im not suggesting that you give up your cuppa, but maybe just delay it a little. Why?- Because if theres an alternative that potentially gives you heaps more health benefits and you will still have that feeling of mind and body burst that caffeine can seem to give you Then why not give it a try?…

I have actually applied the following to my own lifestyle and its my find of 2014! Certainly pushes back my first tea by a couple of hours. So Im continuing into 2015 with this light start to the day.

1. OK, so first thing, grab that glass, go up to the watercooler (more and more homes now have one), and pour a glass of room temperature water and down it in one. It may seem odd at first when you are used to that caffeine hit but it shouldnt give you the Yuk feeling that, say me asking you to drink a double whisky, or diet coke would, and of course a glass of plain water is the perfect solution for the dry mouth syndrome!

Once youve had that first watercooler drink, the mouth wont be dry and you may not be quite as desperate for that cuppa.

2. So, to try delaying that caffeine kick even longer and push those health boundaries a little further. Refill the glass from the watercooler, grab a lemon from the fruit bowl, cut it in half and squeeze half of the lemon juice (if you weigh over 150lbs, squeeze the whole lemon) into the water and plonk the remaining lemon in too. Put it in the microwave and just heat it gently on the Max setting for 45 seconds (make sure you dont overheat as it will ruin the vitamin C). (A slice of fresh root ginger with a squeeze of lime is great too).

3. Drink this slowly and let that lemon cleanse the innards!

4. After you have finished, rinse the mouth with a little water to dilute the citric acid, as this is the only area that you want the lemon lingering, as its not great for teeth.

For this reason, make this a once-a-day drink… certainly not something to sip throughout the day.

There are loads of benefits of Lemon Water;-

1. It contains good things, including Vitamin C, B-Complex Vitamins, Iron, Magnesium and Potassium which all adds to the trace minerals that are already present in the water if youre using a Natural Mineral Water or Spring Water. I find it aids digestion and makes one feel cleansed!

2. It can help freshen the breath.

3. The antioxidants in a lemon as part of a healthy diet can contribute to decreasing blemishes and maintain your skins radiance.

4. Lemons contain Vitamin C which can help ward off colds.

And lastly, it gives a fantastic energy boost, for me at least! You may just find that by following the above health tip, you will be surprised how great you will feel, and how the urge for a cup of tea or coffee subsides. By the time a couple of hours go by you will be then ready for your first cuppa of the day, and it will taste even better knowing youve had a lemon detox beforehand!

Dealing With Biological Hazards And Workplace Health

It?s hard to fathom anyone who would be willing to risk injury, his or her health or even life just for a job. Management and employers have a big influence on managing risks and it doesn?t mean just because a job is dangerous, it?s no longer needed to address the workplace health risks involve. We?re talking about human beings here and being safer only leads to good things such as increased savings later on and better workplace moral.

One of the most basic and fundamental of any workplace health practice is having it free from common workplace hazard. Workplace hazards vary from one working environment to another. Mechanical, chemical and even biological hazards are present in most workplaces.

Working environments like inside a manufacturing plant can be damp, wet and slips can be a common thing. The severity of the injury depends on mostly how the accident happens. Mechanical hazards are fairly easy to spot so company should not have a hard time preventing these from tarnishing workplace health record.

There should always be signs on places where it is slippery or dangerous. Another example is restricting dangerous areas to only the people that are meant to be there. Each and every single one of these workplace health measures to reduce risk and eventually eliminate it altogether.

Everywhere around us we see chemicals and mixtures of chemicals. Some chemicals can be inert and non-reactive while other chemicals are extremely volatile. Thus, the risks of chemical hazards on workplace health are different for each one.

Each and every single chemical in any workplace, whether the office, manufacturing plant or any other place should be identified and catalogue as well as made available the material safety data sheet for each one, as this is the single most important step in reducing workplace health risks. MSDS are a great resource to keep in reach and near the chemicals. Moreover, companies should educate their employees first and foremost on the proper handling and storage procedure of each chemical.

Moving on, we have the most complicated types of hazards in the form of viruses, bacteria, molds and fungus, pathogens, diseases like tuberculosis and so forth. No matter where you work, biological workplace health hazards are present everywhere. One more reason why biological hazards are hard to manage is their ability to travel from place to place.

Education is the first step to prevention, therefore educating employees in the proper sanitary conditions in the workplace is one of the easiest ways in preventing diseases to affect people. Some examples of basic practices are covering one?s mouth when sneezing, cleaning up after one?s self, all these impact workplace health. Companies should sponsor or at the least require employees to get regular or yearly checkups to mitigate diseases from infecting and taking a toll on the workforce.

Making the staff more aware of the risks involved in the workplace is more helpful for the company instead of constantly trying to eradicate the risks. The workplace is safer once staff and employees know and can identify the risks at the workplace. Lastly, prevention is the best medicine and all workplace health issues lie ultimately on the individual.

Dentist and Prosthodontist in Orange Park

What makes you interested to a person in the very first sight? Is that the looks? The hair? Or directly the personality that you count on the most? Well for most of the people, it is neither the looks nor the way on talks but the way he or she smiles. Smile has been one of the most important parts of the first impression from one person to another, we can say it gives first judgment whether the person is friendly or not. Knowing that smile is one of the most important features in ones personality and appearance, surely we will not take the least treatment for our dental health.

Anywhere you live, there must be one or two best dentists that you can trust for your mouth and dental health, but if you are living around Orange Park Florida you don’t need to look far for the great dentist and prosthodontist. that we will be talking about is dr. Matthew Nawrocki. Not only having the professional work as dentist, dr. Nawrocki is also dealing with the aesthetic caring for your teeth. As a prosthodontist, he cares about the aesthetic replacement and restoration of teeth.

dr. Nawrocki and his staffs understand how important a smile for many people, so if you have problem with your teeth, maybe chipped teeth, or broken teeth, you will be offered a full caring with series of treatment you can choose, for example the porcelain veneers or crowns. Other treatments that may be also works for you and your family member’s teeth problem are dental implant, dentures and bridges. All kind of treatment will be suited according to your need. Feel free to come to their clinic in Orange Park, Florida, or you can reserve place via online for scheduling an appointment.

Health And Fitness Tips For Working People

The lifestyle of the working professionals in today’s era is different than what it used to be earlier and is more hectic. They work for extended hours. These extended working hours and sitting longer at their work stations are taking a physical toll on their body. The common problems encountered by the work force due to this kind of lifestyle are back aches, computer vision syndrome CVS, wrist pains, neck and shoulder pains or many other long term ill effects. The lack of time in everyone’s life is leading to reliance on fast food which is conveniently available instead of home-cooked food, similarly vegging out on the couch despite of going out for a walk. However, contrary to what most people think, eating well and staying physically active can be incorporated into the daily routine of working section of the country.

Now that you have realized the importance of staying fit and keeping your body in perfect shape, it is important for you to know the right way of doing it. Below are some health and fitness tips that will help working people discover ways to maintain a better and healthy lifestyle, and that will keep them away from common physical ailments;

As exercising offers so many benefits, make it a part of your routine even if you are at work. If your office is located nearby your home, you can take a walk to reach to your office. If you are inside the office, use stairs instead of using lift.

During work, take several 5-10 minutes of break at regular interval for just a walk or for quick run up and down the stairs. This helps keep the body fit, and mind rejuvenated.

Sitting at stretch in front of computers can be hard on the body. So standing up and stretching your body after every short interval will remove the occurrence of common problems like back ache and shoulder pain.

You can carry workout clothes with you while going to office so that after you leave office you can straight away go to the gym without the need of going home to carry your stuff. This will save your time and this saved time can be utilized in the exercise.

You should keep an option with you to be healthy and fit. Keep healthy snacks with you so that when you feel like eating anything you have an energy booster in front of you. Also sipping water throughout the day is a good way to keep yourself refreshed.

Just do not forget the need of stretching your body for two minutes after every hour of work. You can also set an alarm to go off every hour to remind yourself to stand up and move around.

As you know exercising helps in keeping you fit, you should not avoid it in any case even if you work for extended working hours or if you don’t get time. It’s time to work for staying fit, not for making excuses.

Risk Management During Construction At Health Institutes

Introduction:
Whenever renovations or any construction work are planned at a hospital, crucial health considerations must be made. The workers at these health institutions will be in contact with harmful diseases that are carried in the dust and other debris, which are always part of any construction or renovation project.

All medical institutions have to expand at some stage because of the continual increase of health care demands, such as the need to stay current with technology, reinforcing aging building structures, as well as adding facilities that are more patient-friendly.

Safety of the Workforce and Patients.

The moment construction starts at a health institution, such as a hospital or medical clinic, the presence of bacteria and other harmful microbes is a reality that presents a serious health risk to the workers and patients. Managing these health risks is of the utmost importance, so it is essential to access the available guidelines from the Center of Disease Control & Prevention.

Construction dust is where most of these disease-carrying microbes, such as Aspergillus fumigatus and Stachybotyrs atra, can be found. The CDC guidelines mentioned above offer all the information related to ventilation of the construction area, the control of infections, and monitoring of the environment. These are crucial to ensure a safe environment for everybody that could be exposed to the construction dust.

An important part of the planning phase for new construction projects at a health institute should include discussions on how to prevent the spreading of diseases to workers in the immediate area of construction. The above-mentioned guidelines should be used as the basis of these discussions. This will ensure that the protection of the entire workforce, as well as all patients, remains a top priority.

Procedures to Control Infection Risk During Construction at Health Institutes.

Specific and significant procedures have been put in place to ensure the control of infection of any workers or patients during a renovation or other construction work at a health institute.

Weekly Meetings by the Project Management.
These meetings are of the highest importance to the success in controlling possible infections in and around the construction site. These meetings will be used to communicate all the current and future activities of the project to staff members. The people who will attend each meeting will have to be from the laboratory, environmental and engineering services, as well as the departments of administration and risk management. Other parties that might be asked to attend will be from the project architects, contractors, the design engineers and possibly the construction administrators, depending on how complex the project is.

The Risk Assessments of Construction Projects.
An assessment of the risks of any possible infection needs to be conducted. This ensures the safety of all patients and workers. It is also used to keep the particular regulatory agencies informed of all activities during the ongoing construction phase of the project. Furthermore, the results recorded from these assessments could be used to recommend certain safety precautions that should be taken by the construction team. This might include wearing specific protective clothing or building an anteroom, which will help prevent the construction dust from spreading.

Necessary Training.
Everybody involved with these projects should be informed of the procedures needed to guarantee the infection control. Sometimes a training course will be presented to all the contractors and sub-contractors involved with the project in order to confirm infection control.

Continual Monitoring of the Environment.
This monitoring involves two different types of actions, which include the testing of the air quality, as well as the physical monitoring of every activity during the construction. The latter is ensures that the construction team adheres to the standards set for maintaining the safety of everybody and for the controlling of any infections.

Keeping Communication Open.
The project’s management team has to use the weekly meetings to share all the project activities with the departments that are directly affected by the project. There are specific communication procedures in place, which should be followed at all times.

Check Extension in Extramedullary Tumors and Report Technique

Read these two neurosurgery coding scenarios and know what CPT codes you should apply while ealing with such situations.

Check Extension in Extramedullary Tumors/b>

Question: How do you report a suboccipital craniectomy and C1-3 laminectomy for removal of intradural extramedullary tumor?

Answer: Even though a far lateral transcondylar skull base approach with resection of upper cervical segments for access is reported with skull base approach as well as definitive procedure codes, the brief description delivered implies a direct posterior approach. There is no single code present that describes suboccipital craniectomy as well as cervical laminectomy meant for resection of a presumably craniovertebral junction meningioma.

In case the tumor was mainly spinal, then you would report code 63280 once you execute CPT lookup (Laminectomy for biopsy/excision of intraspinal neoplasm; intradural, extramedullary, cervical), perhaps appended with 22 (Increased Procedural Services) modifier in case a significant craniectomy is carried out for junctional exposure.

In case the tumor extended considerably intracranially and also intraspinally, then one would report code 61519 (Craniectomy for excision of brain tumor, infratentorial or posterior fossa; meningioma) and 63280 (Laminectomy for biopsy/excision of intraspinal neoplasm; intradural, extramedullary, cervical) -51 (Multiple procedures) after you execute CPT lookup . In case the operating microscope was used for microdissection, one could furthermore report CPT code 69990 (Microsurgical techniques, requiring use of operating microscope [List separately in addition to code for primary procedure]).

Report Technique as well as Anastomosis for Moyamoya

Question: What CPT code would be suitable for frontal craniotomy for synangiosis once the diagnosis is moyamoya?

Answer: There are two sorts of synangiosis carried out for moyamoya disease. One can carry out an encephaloduroateriorsynangiosis (EDAS) in which a superficial temporal artery is secured in line with the cortical surface or an encephalomyosynagnosis (EMS) in which temporalis muscle is secured to the cortical surface. Both procedures would be reported with the unlisted CPT code  64999 (Unlisted procedure, nervous system). Another procedure carried out for moyamoya disease, superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass would be reported with CPT codes 61711 (Anastomosis, arterial, extracranial-intracranial [eg, middle cerebral/cortical] arteries) as far as bypass is concerned and 69990 (Microsurgical techniques, requiring use of operating microscope [List separately in addition to code for primary procedure]) as far as utilization of an operating microscope is concerned.

Yoga Instructor Training Health With Big Bucks

An excellent yoga teacher courses is healthy in persona. She or he looks for ways to help individuals become their best self. You don’t have to have any official academic qualifications to become a yoga exercise instructor. You just need to have a interest for hanging out training individuals in this age old art type.

If you have caught the yoga exercise bug, you may want to look into yoga exercise instructor coaching. You only have to have a love of yoga exercise and a wish to join to begin off in a yoga exercise instructor coaching course. An excellent yoga instructor training will provide more than just a publication and recall skills workouts. A full persona engagement should be involved. Look for a yoga exercise instructor coaching course that seems like a natural fit for you. Do they exercise the type of yoga exercise that you are fascinated in? Since there are so many kinds of particular yoga exercise methods, see which one your coaching course provides. You’ll also want to see how much the yoga instructor training costs. If that’s a concern for you, work within your price variety. You should be able to discover a system in every cost variety.

An excellent yoga teacher courses is healthy in persona. She or he looks for ways to help individuals become their best self. You don’t have to have any official academic qualifications to become a yoga exercise instructor. You just need to have an interest for hanging out training individuals in this age old art type. If you are living a way of life that works well with the yoga exercise, you are a perfect applicant for yoga teacher courses. Yoga instructors should aim for maximum health and wellness and well-being so they can help others accomplish these objectives as well. Those who go into the area of yoga exercise training involve themselves in every element of yoga exercise. There needs to be stability between information, a joy for yoga exercise and a dedication to the exercise.

Not only will you invest some time in your coaching on the yoga exercise mat, but also in the academic setting of yoga teacher courses. Most qualifications programs require 200 time of coaching. You’ll need to know about exercise structure as well as all the particular positions and presents. You’ll need to merge a knowing of art and technology. You’ll need to be well qualified in structure, mindset and viewpoint. It’s an extensive strategy that needs intense focused training. If you feel you are prepared to begin yoga exercise instructor qualifications, begin looking for a yoga teacher courses that is correct for you both geographically and economically. You will discover them in most declares and at all different prices. Look for their qualifications partnership. Are they authorized with the Yoga Alliance? This is the conventional qualifications institution for the yoga exercise market. So choose a system that will help students graduate with a completely qualified Yoga Alliance qualified certification.

A Healthy Lifestyle – Tips To Prevent Heart Disease

Heart disease is the number killer in America; the good news is, however, that this disease can be prevented. Research and studies have shown that with the correct measures and steps taken; this disease can actually be avoided throughout an individuals life. The following is a series of tips to prevent heart disease.

Firstly, comprehend the undeniable fact that you are what you eat! This disease is mostly cause by excessive fats in your body which clogs the blood flow in your arteries. Therefore, one of the most important tips would be to consume a healthy diet. Eat foods which are low in saturated fats while increasing your fruit, vegetables and whole grains intake. Try to not visit fast food outlets that often as fast foods usually boasts an excessive amount of fat, remind yourself how much unneeded saturated fat you are taking in the next time you gulp down a extra large cheese burger.

Furthermore, individuals with high levels of stress may lead to heart ailment. This is due to the drastic rise in blood cholesterol and blood pressure when you are stressed out. So, try not to fly into a temper and always be laid back, relax and of course, smile often.

Going on, out of the handy tips to prevent heart disease, it is particularly obvious that smoking should not even be included in any of your daily activities. If you have this awful habit, quit! Seek professional help if you are having problems in quitting. Plus, exercise at a regular basis to prevent heart problem. Exercising helps you avoid the disease and at the same time burns the excess fat in your body, thus preventing obesity altogether.

As a conclusion, practice a healthy lifestyle. Instill the tips mentioned above in your daily life for both you and your hearts sake.

Role play for Beginners – Important Considerations when Restraining a Partner

When a man’s partner brings up his or her desire to be tied up, this can be an exciting time for a man. However, it should also be a time for research. If he has never performed role play before, and/or if his partner is new to it, there are many considerations both partners need to keep in mind in order to ensure that the activity is safe, consensual and enjoyable. When men think of what they need to maintain a healthy lovemaking life, they often focus on the basics: male organ health, use of protection and regular testing. As important as these things are, mental preparation is right up there with them on the list. Consider the following when introducing physical restraint into playtime.

1) Talk first.  Whenever a new activity is introduced to lovemaking, it’s important for the partners to discuss what they are comfortable with and what is off limits beforehand, and role play is certainly no exception. This not only includes discussion of the actual tying up that will be done, but of other aspects of a couple’s lovemaking life as well. Consider that a partner who is bound is more vulnerable than usual, and may not be comfortable with certain things he or she usually likes, such as dirty talk or spanking.

2) Realize the full weight of responsibility.  The partner who is untied has a high level of responsibility for the safety, balance and positioning of the bound partner. He needs to take this responsibility seriously. A high level of trust and care between partners makes this easier.

3) Start small.  There are myriad ways to tie a partner up, some involving more restraint than others. Some positions use a lot of rope (or other material), contorting the partner’s body into some pretty interesting positions. When a couple is first starting out, though, it’s usually best not to jump right into extreme positions like the hogtie – with the partner’s hands tied behind his or her back and feet bound – or the frogtie – in which the knees are bent and the ankles are bound to the thighs. Some good restraint-for-beginner binding points include:

– Wrists: The wrists can be bound above a partner’s head or behind his or her back; they can also be bound to furniture or other sturdy objects in the environment. Handcuff-style or arms spread apart and wrists bound separately are both options to consider.

– Ankles: Some partners might enjoy having their ankles bound, either together or with legs spread apart and ankles bound separately to nearby sturdy objects.

– Thighs: The legs can be bound just above the knees, allowing a partner to bend his or her legs while facilitating the thigh squeeze that many couples love.

4) Temper the accessories.  For some couples, role play accessories such as whips, blindfolds and ball gags are as important to the thrill of the activity as the actual restraining. For beginners who are just getting their toes wet, it’s likely best to skip extreme accessories like ball gags, which restrict a partner’s ability to communicate verbally, and rough whips, which may deliver tougher blows than the partner expects or wants. A blindfold and a feather teaser are usually safe places to start – if the partner is interested in those things, of course.

5) Choose restraint material wisely.  Using a course rope one has lying around can lead to instant discomfort and chafing for a bound partner. Cotton and silk ropes are fantastic and luxurious, but they’re also expensive. Men can find nylon rope at a hardware store; this is a suitable alternative, as knots therein are easy to remove and the rope is soft enough to maintain comfort. Some couples prefer to use strips of fabric, such as a silky tie.

6) Restrain, don’t cut off circulation.  In the heat of the moment, a man may pull a knot a little too tight. This can lead to loss of circulation to a lover’s body part. Men should be able to slide a finger or two between the restraint material and the partner’s body. Also, ask the partner if he or she experiences any numbness or pins and needles, and do frequent checks throughout the session to make sure there are no color changes on the restrained body parts. If any of these occur, unbind the partner.

Along with attending to a partner’s safety and wellbeing, a man ought to attend to his own. Rough lovemaking can result in a male organ that is raw and dry from friction. After his daily shower, he can apply a male organ health crme (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) with natural moisturizers like Shea butter and vitamin E, which help the skin stay hydrated and more resilient. Men may be ready for another hot session sooner rather than later if they take care of their manhood skin.

Visit www.menshealthfirst.com for more information most common male organ health issues, tips on improving male organ sensitivity, and what to do to maintain a healthy male organ. John Dugan is a professional writer who specializes in men’s health issues and is an ongoing contributing writer to numerous online web sites.